Is a Charger and a Power Adapter the Same?
Chargers and power adapters are not the same, although they are related to each other and are often used together.
A power adapter, also known as a power supply or AC adapter, is a device that converts electrical current from a power source, such as a wall outlet, to a specific voltage and current suitable for powering electronic devices. It is responsible for converting the alternating current (AC) from the power supply to the direct current (DC) that the device can use.
A charger is a device that replenishes energy to a rechargeable battery or powers a device while charging the battery. Chargers are specifically designed to charge batteries and provide the necessary voltage and current to charge batteries safely and efficiently.
In many cases, the charger and power adapter are combined into one device. For example, when you charge your smartphone, the charger you connect to an electrical outlet typically contains a power adapter to convert AC to DC, and a charging circuit to regulate the charging process.
However, it should be noted that not all power adapters have charging capabilities. Some power adapters are designed to transfer power to devices that don’t need to be charged, such as laptops, monitors, or routers.
In summary, the power adapter is responsible for converting the current from the power source into a voltage and current suitable for electronic devices, while the charger is a device that replenishes energy for a rechargeable battery or powers the device while charging the battery.